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Friday, November 19, 2010

Stitch Study: Waffle Stitch (or Norwich Stitch) Tutorial

Yes, after an almost-two-year hiatus, I’m actually writing a stitch study post again. This is my first stitch study on a canvaswork stitch, the waffle stitch.

A bit about naming

Before getting into the details about the stitch, it helps to discuss the naming of this stitch. Like many stitches, this one comes up in stitch books under multiple names. In this case, it can be either the waffle stitch or the Norwich stitch.

The reverse is also true, though. The name “waffle stitch” is also another name for the broad cross stitch, and there are waffle stitches in both knitting and crochet.

Don’t be intimidated…

When first encountering the waffle stitch, it’s easy to be overwhelmed.  Depending on the type of stitch diagram and the size of the waffle stitch, the numbering on the diagram can quickly reach double digits. By breaking the stitch down and explaining the pattern, though, I’m hoping you’ll find it more approachable and perhaps even relaxing to stitch.

Let’s get started!

Step 1. Start with a simple cross stitch over multiple canvas threads. Some books will tell you that you have to have an odd number of threads, but that’s not actually true. To demonstrate, my example is over 12 threads of canvas.

The next stitch starts a repetitive pattern.  To provide a bit of contrast and because it looks more interesting, I switched to a different color.

Step 2. Come up in the hole just below the top left corner of the base cross stitch. This stitch is going to run alongside the upper-left to lower-right (\) portion of your cross stitch. Sink the needle one hole to the left of the bottom right corner.


Step 3. Your thread on the back is going to travel across the bottom of the stitch. Come up one hole to the right of the bottom left corner of the cross stitch. Now we’re going to parallel the other half of the cross stitch (/), so you’ll sink the needle below the top right corner of the cross.


Step 4. Come up one hole above the bottom right corner of the cross. (You’ll notice that your thread on the back runs down the right side of the stitch.) This stitch ends one hole to the right of the top left corner of the cross.


Step 5. Can you guess? Your thread, on the back, will go across the top of the stitch, so you can come up one thread to the left of the top right corner. And you’ll sink it one thread above the bottom left corner.

There! That’s one round, or one repeat, of the stitch.

Step 6. Repeat steps 2-5, moving one hole closer to the center of each side with each round. So the second round will start by traveling (on the back) up the left side, and coming up one thread below the previous round.

You can tell if you’re repeating the pattern correctly if all of your stitches on the back are on the edges of the square, as seen here.




With another round complete, you’ll have something that looks like this:

Keep going, repeating steps 2 through 5, changing colors as desired.

Here’s why some folks say you have to start with an odd number of threads. I’d like to add one more round of stitches, but if you look closely at the picture above, you’ll see I only have one open hole on each side. I can’t stitch another round like the previous rounds.

So I have to cheat. This round just isn’t going to have stitches on the back along the edges of the square. Oh well. Who’s going to know?

Step 7. Here’s how I like to stitch the last round on an even waffle stitch. I use double running stitch!

A. Same as step 2 above.    

B.      C.


Yes, the back isn’t quite as orderly…

                                                                            …but who cares?

So what about odd waffles?

When you do have an odd number of threads in your waffle, you can just stitch the normal rounds right up to the end. Here’s the beginning of the last round of the waffle if it’s stitched over 13 threads.

A side-by-side comparison

Front:                                           Back:


About ending threads

You may be wondering why I left all of the thread ends off to the side. In this case, it was for demonstration purposes. When I’m using waffles in a project, I’ll sometimes bury the ends in surrounding stitches. Usually, though, I’ll use L stitches to start and end threads in the middle of the waffle, since they’ll be covered over anyway.

Now it’s your turn

Are you ready to tackle waffle stitches? Try them out and let me know how it goes! What are your favorite threads to use? (By the way, ribbons, like Kreinik’s 1/16” metallic ribbon or Rainbow Gallery’s Neon Rays, work wonderfully.) What color combinations do you like? What’s the biggest waffle you’ve tried?

Please share! (And let me know if anything isn’t clear above!)


Donna said...

I did Michael Boren's Color Tiles III which 25 squares of waffles in silks and wools. I love this stitch. It's just so much fun.

Denise said...

I did a blessings blog earlier this year and used a waffle stitch in each corner. Started with 3 strands and then frogged to make it 6 strands of DMC. The coverage was much nicer with more strands. Go here if you would like to see the completed project - http://denises100blessings.blogspot.com/

Smiles - Denise

Anonymous said...

This is a very good lesson in the waffle stitch. Thanks for the effective words and photos.

Sara Leigh said...

Well, perhaps I did it right to begin with and was just confused by the directions I was using. Thanks!

oriana said...

Hello Jeanne,
My name is Oriana and I am Italian. My English is not good, I use the translator, and I hope you understand me. I really love your designs and always follow your progress. I would like to get in touch with you to exchange some projects. If you are interested you can write to this address. I'm also part of the SNS and I attended some classes proposed by the group. I await your response. ciao from Italy

crazyQstitcher said...

A good tutorial, which I'll try.
Your colour combinations are lovely.

Anonymous said...

Hi Jeanne,
I just found your blog from stitchin fingers. I have just joined the Embroiderer's guild here in the UK, and at our next meeting, we are making a note book cover in Norwich stitch. This stitch is new to me, and your tutorial is brilliant, so glad I found your blog! Thanks Rosie x

dane said...

comme c' est beau tu as un blog super tu es très douée bravo l' artiste

Anonymous said...

what material do you use in this waffle stitch? whats the name of it?

Anonymous said...

I really want to know the name of the material you used, I cant find it anywhere!!! could you send me an email with the name of it, if you dont mind? its:
thank you sooo much!